Suppose you live in an area prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes. Therefore, of course, you must be prepared for these natural disasters’ dangers. This includes preparing children through education to understand earthquakes and natural disasters. Parents must be confused about how to raise children so that they understand and are alert. Here we share five ways to educate children about earthquake disasters. Just take a look!
Educate children about earthquake disasters
1. Explain earthquakes, natural disasters and their causes
When educate children about earthquake disasters, first you need to explain to your child what an earthquake is and how it happens. You can use simple language with easy-to-understand illustrations for kids to understand. For example, the explanation of the existence of volcanic eruptions led to earthquake shocks and displacement from the ground. Use a simple description as much as possible so that he gradually understands why the earthquake happened. You can add an explanation of the possible consequences. This is how he can understand when he looks at the earthquake events shown on TV and their consequences.
2. Invite the children to read stories and watch movies about earthquakes
After explaining the earthquake, the causes of its occurrence and the consequences, you can ask him to read stories about earthquake events and watch movies about earthquakes and natural disasters. This can significantly complement the image and make it understandable after looking at the visual explanation. Because with example pictures, kids will understand easily and have the real picture. You can take movies from the internet to make them more accessible.
3. Explain how you can protect yourself in an earthquake
After children begin to understand earthquakes, you can explain the precautions children need to take when faced with an earthquake. This is also important when we are raising children. That you have to explain how to protect yourself from the dangers of an earthquake. Explain to him that if there is an earthquake, he must hide under a table to avoid being hit by collapsed buildings. Or that once the earthquake has stopped, he must run out of the house immediately to avoid aftershocks. Next, explain that if he wants to save himself, he should bring only the bare essentials. This can encourage children to be prepared at all times when an earthquake or natural disaster may strike.
4. Ask the children to learn to explain earthquake preparedness to their friends
If the child seems to understand, challenge them to become a disaster hero to those around them. Tell him to learn to explain it to his friends at school so that children’s educational process can spread widely. Because when a child understands, they will find it easier to explain to other friends and information about disaster risk reduction will apply well.
5. Encouraging children’s preparedness for other natural disasters due to earthquakes
Finally, tell the children about other consequences of an earthquake, such as the possibility of a tsunami and a shifting of the ground causing cracks because children need to know how a tsunami occurs after an earthquake to be more alert. You can use the same concepts as when describing earthquakes—namely, the cause and effect that can occur. Tell your child to be alert to any situation that might arise. You can also ask the teacher at school to explain or educate children about earthquake disaster in simple language so he can understand it better.
How to help restore children’s mental health after the earthquake
Earthquakes are indeed a disaster that we cannot avoid. Then there is no other way to rise out of the downturn caused. Among the earthquake victims were many children who faced the reality of losing family members, friends, homes, schools and playgrounds. Not only the child’s physical condition but also the child’s psyche needs to be restored and nurtured so that the child can continue to live their day enthusiastically. The following are things you can do to help restore the mental health of child victims of the earthquake.
1. Continue communicating as usual
Dealing with children victims of natural disasters must be more careful not to make them sadder. The first step is to communicate with your little one as usual with questions about their condition and their thoughts and feelings. Thanks to open communication, the children do not feel alone, especially children who lost or injured family members in the disaster. Strengthen it and provide positive motivation to deal with it.
2. Tell the facts that happened
The best way to deal with children after a disaster is to tell them what happened. But the conditions are formulated in easy-to-understand sentences. Telling kids honestly what happened is one way to stop kids from overestimating and imagining natural disasters.
3. Strengthen mentally by building up his spirit
The way to recover after a disaster is to do fun activities for kids. Inviting children to gather and play together will help them forget events that made them sad and traumatized.
4. Let children play with friends their age
Whatever the area’s state after the disaster and evacuation, children will still be children. You will still seek pleasure. Especially when they have friends of the same age, it is easier to get through the day. That is why it is also important to build playgrounds and learning places for children in refugee camps.
These are some ways to educate children about earthquake disasters and psychologically restore children who are victims of earthquakes. After the child begins to understand, remember to encourage the child always to pray and be alert. Trauma healing is mandatory for child victims of natural disasters for their future mental health. I hope this article helps!