Get to know padang traditional weapons
Weapons are an element of human culture, and their age coincides with the emergence of human civilization. Traditional weapons can also be seen as cultural products that shaped the progress of metallurgical science and technology in the people of the archipelago in the past. Traditional shaped weapons are designed to meet human needs.
Traditional societies use weapons to protect themselves from enemy attacks. Weapons, on the lai side, are also used to raise and hunt animals to meet their food needs. Traditional weapons are dominated by males. This is inseparable from a social culture that clings to a paternal understanding and depiction of male leaders.
That’s why guns seem to be a must for men. For example, in Minangkabau culture, keris is considered a symbol of male greatness, symbolized by the keris weapon worn by the groom at the wedding. The same can be seen in the culture of the people in different regions of Indonesia.
Included in the culture of the Minang people or we can also call it one of the tribes in the padang of West Sumatra. Minangkabau or Minang is an ethnic group of the archipelago that speaks and supports traditional Minangkabau values. The Minangkabau tribe is one of the largest and most famous tribes in Indonesia in West Sumatra.
The Minangkabau Cultural Area covers West Sumatra, half of Riau’s landmass, northern Bengkulu, western Jambi, the west coast of North Sumatra, southwestern Aceh, and the Negeri Sembilan region, Malaysia. The Minang people are often likened to and also called the Padang People because Padang is the capital of West Sumatra. However, the Minang people usually refer to their ethnic group as a crew member to refer to the Minang people themselves.
Since pre-Hinduism, Minangkabau has also introduced a proto-democratic system with a dense development of customs, with the aim of determining important tribal and legal issues. The Minangkabau Tribe’s statement is briefly stated in the statement of the Basandi Shark Custom (Adat Bersendikan Hukum, Hukum Bersendikan Al Qur’an), which means Adat based on Islamic teachings.
The Minangkabau people are also very famous in the field of trade, especially as experts and intellectuals. The Minang tribe is the most important and respected heir of the ancient traditions of the Malay and Srivijaya Kingdoms, who once loved commercial and dynamic activities. Nearly half of the total parishioners are abroad.
In Tambo, the system used by the Minangkabau people is said to have been first initiated by two brothers, Datuk Ketuman Galungan and Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang. Datuk Ketumanggungan inherited the aristocratic custom of Koto Piliang, and Datuk Perpatih inherited the egalitarian custom of Bodi Caniago.
Throughout the Minangkabau tribe, the two customary systems are known to be harmonious and complementary, forming the Minangkabau social system. The Minang tribe has three pillars that develop and maintain the integrity of Minan culture and customs. The three pillars are Ninik Mamak which is also known as Alim Ulama, Clever Clever, and Tigo Sajarangan Furnace.
The three pillars complement each other and stand side by side at the same height. In a democratic and egalitarian Minangkabau society, all public affairs are discussed through consensus among the three elements.
To date, the Minangkabau people are the largest matrilineal society in the world. The maternal line itself is one of the main aspects in identifying the identity of the Minangkabau people. The customs and culture of the Minan people consider women as heirs to heirlooms and relatives. That is why there are many cultures in this Minang tribe, including its traditional weapons which are also very popular.
The following is a list of the types of traditional weapons in Padang West Sumatra that you need to know.
Minangkabau culture has very interesting characteristics compared to other cultures in Sumatra. Of course, there are many unique and interesting things that exist in the Minang tribe. This extends to the customary customs of marriage, the culture of traveling, including its traditional weapon, namely the ruduih which is a traditional Padang weapon that resembles a machete from the Minang culture in West Sumatra This weapon has a function as a weapon used to fight on the battlefield. On the other hand, for hunting weapons other than with chopstick weapons. Does grameds know the current location of the ruduih gun? Yes, the Ruduih weapon is now in the Tridaya Eka Dharma Struggle Museum and is recorded as a weapon used in the Manggopoh War before 1908.
The 1980 Mangopo War took place on June 15, 1908. The war broke out from the wrath of the Ninik Mamak people, the alim ulama, scholars, and the Kanagari community from Mangopo in Lubuk basung district, Agam Regency, West Sumatra. The actions carried out by the Dutch army are believed to uphold the noble values of Minangkabau customs and culture and violate the customs of the Minangkabau people who are beyond the limits of reasonableness .
From the existing literature, some sources mention that this ruduih weapon is similar to the Kelewang weapon. The shape of this weapon resembles a sword with a sharp blade on one side . There are some differences between them. If the Kerewan weapon has a sharp and straight blade, the Ruduih weapon has sharp sides that tend to be convex inwards.
His sword form attacks the enemy more deadly. So it is not surprising that this weapon was often used by royal soldiers when fighting against the Dutch army in the Manggopoh war in 1908.
Kerambit’s weapon is a small knife with a curved shape. Karambit is also one of the traditional weapons of Padang West Sumatra and is used as one of the deadliest weapons in the world. Although Karambit is small in size, it turns out to be very dangerous because it can tear or damage the opponent’s limbs .
In addition to this surprising, this Kerambit weapon can quickly paralyze the enemy, but it is not detected. The Kerambit weapon itself originated from Minangkabau and was later spread by Minangkabau nomads to various regions such as Java on the Malay Peninsula. The traditional weapon form of Kerambit is very unique because it is inspired by many tiger hooves that roam a lot in the jungles of Sumatra.
After the people saw the tiger fighting with its claws, then they began to create the beginning of the concept of the Kerambit weapon. This is of course one of the Minangkabau philosophies, known as “Alam Takambang Jadi Guru”. The function of the Kerambit Weapon in most areas is as an agricultural tool such as the following uses:
- Root cleaning
- Collecting rice stalks
- Collecting rice threshing
But especially for this traditional Padang weapon, it is more curved after the Minang people saw and observed the tigers fighting with their hooves. This traditional weapon is also one of the main weapons of martial arts used in martial arts. In other words, the more popular the martial arts of Martial Arts, the more familiar it is with this Kerambit knife.
Today, this weapon is developed by European-American countries of many types and varieties. In Indonesia itself, Kerambit is still used by wrestlers, especially the Minangkabau Tiger martial arts in Sumatran martial arts. Kerambit Traditional Weapons can be divided into two variations: Kerambit in West Java and Kerambit Minangkabau. Karambit in West Java usually has a round arc, while Kerambit Minang has an elbow bow.
- Klewang Padang
The Klewang weapon is a traditional weapon from the Minangkabau weapon, which is a one-sided machete, which has a heavy pedestal in the middle of its part. Klewang’s weapon usually has the shape of a sharp eye, but it is also curved. In ancient times, this weapon was used as the main weapon of the Padri army in the 19th century West Sumatra war.
This incident was seen by padri officers very quickly in Klewang Guns during the battle. Although used as the main weapon of combat, Klewang is often used for agricultural activities of agricultural activities. Weapons that had previously spread to the public in the range from handles that gave the shape of a dragon to sarongs made of stripes motifs began to be made.
Karih is a stab weapon like a dagger, with equally sharp edges on both sides. Its shape is very characteristic and can be easily distinguished from other types of weapons. Karih is asymmetrical, spreads at the base and tapers upwards. The blade is more predominantly curved to form a typical Minangkabau art.
Recalling the history of Kaliminan in West Sumatra, it has been used as a weapon of war and to protect it from enemy attacks when leaving home from the beginning. In addition, another function of this weapon is that it is provided for kitchen utensils. This tool used to be versatile for the Minang people throughout their lives.
Another specialty is the potash form, the scabbard of which is decorated with beautiful sculptures with various motifs. The same goes for the stem or solar plexus. Its main color is dark brown or light brown, similar to the color of the inner skin. With the development of time, the karih weapon ceased to serve as personal protective equipment and kitchen utensils, but its presence approached various traditional ceremonies and cultural celebrations of the Empire Minang.
Usually this traditional weapon of Padang West Sumatra is used by traditional figures, lobbyists, religious leaders, traditional owners or sako, and others. Karih Minang is not only worn by traditional leaders, but also an accessory for the groom at the wedding reception. Karih is placed on the front right hip with the Scabbard.
The presence of this traditional West Sumatran weapon is also a characteristic of the Minang people wherever they are. From a symbolic point of view, the karih weapon acts as a judge, that is, as a mediator of disputes and disputes within the clan and Nagari. In addition, when the karih is held upright it forms the character of Arif in Arabic.
It symbolizes the tawhid teachings about the existence of Allah Almighty. As quoted from Julfian Azrael’s book “Becoming Pangul”, the meaning of Karih Minang is said to be physical and spiritual. The outer part means that the scroll symbolizes the connection between Pelvis and his nephew. It can be recognized by the shape of the plexus or its curry stalk.
Inner meaning is the main source of teachings for Sako’s heirs or applicants for the position of Minangkabau leader. Some parts of this Minang Kris, namely Ulu, Punting and Tali, symbolize the three Minang customary systems: the Sambah Manyambah custom, the Stale Baso Jo custom and the siriah custom jo betel nut.
At first glance , for people who have seen this Minang karih weapon for the first time, they must think that it is a Keris, because when Karih is put in his warangka or scabbard will really look like a dagger weapon that is widely found in Java. Karih Weapon has also been registered with UNESCO as one of the Non-Material Human World Cultural Heritage designated in 2005.
The Piarit weapon is a traditional weapon of Padang West Sumatra in the form of a spear with three sharp eyes. In addition to West Sumatra, it is also widely used in other regions such as South Sumatra and is commonly called the Trident weapon. In shape, this weapon resembles the main weapon of the Hindu god Shiva.
Because in ancient times, before Islam entered West Sumatra, especially in the Padang area, it still adhered to Hinduism. West Sumatrans often hunt large animals using this traditional Piarik weapon as a handle.
Chopsticks or chopsticks are also used in West Sumatra and are used in hunting and field battles to attack long distances. The advantage of this traditional weapon in Padang West Sumatra is that it can provide firepower with an accuracy of up to 200 meters. Chopsticks are not only used as a traditional weapon in West Sumatra, but also by the Dayak people in Kalimantan.
The function of this traditional weapon is still the same as that used to hunt animals and is made naturally so as not to damage nature. As the cultural heritage of the ancestors, the Minangkabau people still preserve chopsticks as traditional weapons. The shape of the chopsticks is usually in the form of a small tube that allows the small arrows fired to shoot deep into the target.
It is a traditional weapon of West Sumatra and is still preserved by the Minangkabau people today. How proud they are of their traditional weapons, so traditional weapons are still well preserved today. Not surprisingly, every region needs to preserve traditional weapons as regional heritage and enrich the nation’s culture.
- Minangkabau Heirloom Kris
The Minangkabau heirloom kris is a special kris that can only be worn by traditional rulers at the waist on certain occasions. The Minangkabau Heirloom Kris is always ground left and right. This means Pengle can give justice to everyone, prosecute them, and ensure justice.
This heirloom dagger is not used in all customary rituals. Use should also be taken into account. That is, the dagger’s eyes are on the left, not on the right. This is interpreted as an attitude that Pengle must always be careful and think before speaking or acting.
This traditional weapon of Padang West Sumatra is a symbol of greatness. Traditional leaders have always been reliable, both Minangkabau people are happy and sad. In conclusion, we still need to maintain and preserve the local culture. The Minangkabau people set an excellent example for all of us by preserving the noble heritage of their ancestors.
Well, that’s an explanation of the traditional weapons of Padang West Sumatra, or we can call them traditional Minangkabau weapons.