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Man as a thinking being is endowed with curiosity. This curiosity drives them to recognize, understand and explain natural phenomena and to try to solve the problems they face. Driven by curiosity and an effort to understand and solve problems, people can accumulate knowledge.

The knowledge gained was initially limited to the results of observations of existing natural phenomena, then expanded to include the knowledge gained from the results of his thoughts. Then, the knowledge he gets will be further developed, so that man will keep growing until now, and eventually, man can create some items to meet his daily needs.


Mindset development process

Since birth on this earth, man has been in contact with nature. Contact with nature creates an experience. Nature stimulates people through the five senses. So the five senses are a means of communication between nature and humans that produce experiences. The experience increases moment by moment because people want answers to essential questions; what, how, and why, both for his presence in this world and for all things that have come into contact with him.

The evolution of this human way of thinking keeps changing and even increasing from time to time because it is influenced by several factors, one of which is curiosity; Science springs from curiosity, which is a human trait. Humans are curious about objects in the natural environment, the moon, the stars, and the sun, and even want to know about themselves (anthropocentric).

Humans also have instincts like those of animals and plants. However, humans have the advantage of being able to think. In other words, his curiosity is not idle. It doesn’t stay all the time. Humans have developed curiosity or thinking abilities. Once they know what’s going on, they want to know how and why.

Man can combine his previous knowledge with his new knowledge so that it becomes an accumulation of knowledge. This human curiosity causes their knowledge to develop. This includes not only the practical needs of everyday life, such as farming or making arrows or javelins for hunting but also questions of beauty.


Animals don’t have that kind of curiosity. Curiosity in animals is limited to sustained curiosity. That doesn’t change from time to time. Animals move from one place to another driven only by curiosity, which is closely linked to their instincts.

With the continuous development of knowledge, it seems more obvious that humans are different from animals. Humans are intelligent creatures and have the highest degree compared to any other animal or creature.

Myth The next evolution is that people try to meet non-physical needs or the needs of their minds. Human curiosity cannot be satisfied solely based on observation and experience. Because of this, people invent their responses to their curiosity. For example, “Why did the mountain erupt?” Because they don’t know the answer, people make up their answer, “The mountain ranger is angry.”

Here a new knowledge emerges called “the Observer”. The term “waiter” arose from the same train of thought. The emerging new knowledge and beliefs are what we call myths. Stories based on myths are called legends. Myths arise because of the limitations of the human senses.

In visual apparatus, many objects move so fast that they cannot be seen clearly by the eye. The eye cannot distinguish objects. Likewise, the eye cannot see an object that is too far away. Hearing aids Human hearing is limited to vibrations with a frequency of 30 to 30,000 per second. Vibrations below thirty or above thirty thousand per second are not audible.


Organs of smell and taste Smell and taste cannot determine the object tasted or smelled. Humans can only distinguish 4 tastes, namely sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. As for the smell itself, humans cannot fully smell it. Just as the smell of perfume and others can be perceived by our nose when the concentration in the air is more than one-tenth of a million parts. Humans can distinguish one object from another by smell.


Taste bud sensation on human skin can distinguish hot or cold. However, this is so relative that it cannot be used as a precise observation tool. These senses vary from person to person. Some are very spicy and some are not. Because of the limitations of these senses, there is a high possibility of misinformation, misinterpretation, or misunderstanding. The society of that time for the following reasons: 1) Limited knowledge caused by limited perception, either directly or with tools. 2) The limits of human thought at that time. 3) His curiosity is satisfied.

According to Auguste Comte (1798-1857 AD), the development of the human soul, both as an individual and as a whole, proceeds in three phases: a. Theological or fictional phase b. Philosophical or metaphysical or abstract stage c. Real positive or scientific phase.


At the theological or fictional level, humans seek to seek and find the first cause and ultimate goal of all things and are always connected to supernatural powers. Natural phenomena that catch his attention are always related to the absolute source. The assumption is that every phenomenon and event is controlled and regulated by the gods or other supernatural forces.

The metaphysical or abstract stage is the stage where people are still searching for the root cause and ultimate goal, but people are no longer relying on belief in the existence of supernatural forces, but relying on their mind, a mind that was able to abstract to find the essence of things.


The positive or real stage is the stage when people could think positively or based on the knowledge they acquired, which develops positively through observation, experiment, and comparison. In addition, due to the more and more advanced human thinking abilities and the more and more perfect observation equipment, people with different legends are increasingly let down and tend to use common sense or reason.

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