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Talking about sex cannot be separated from discussing the man himself. People are born with potential and sexual instincts towards the opposite sex, regardless of the various sexual deviations. Sex is a natural need for living beings to evolve. When sex is considered taboo or dirty to talk about, it is as if this provides no clue as to how sex should be understood in the realm of beneficial effects. We are concerned about various sexual deviance and crimes involving the younger generation as perpetrators and victims.

Today, the word “sex” is no longer taboo among teenagers, as it’s not uncommon for them to have seen or done it. So, to prevent undesirable things from happening, early sex education for adolescents, conducted by parents or other stakeholders among teenagers, is necessary.


Sex Education for Adolescents

Sex education for adolescents is adequate to provide the child with insight, guidance, and prevention in dealing with sexual problems that arise as they age and how to deal with emotional turbulence. And here, the urgency of education is required from an early age according to individual development. Sexual issues must be examined under divine guidance, for example, through marriage, fasting, and restraint of the gaze.

Teenagers need sex education and today’s teenagers are concerned, especially regarding technological advancements where teenagers can access pornographic content that they are strongly discouraged from viewing. Not only are they at risk of becoming pregnant out of wedlock, but they are also the most likely to develop HIV infection. Phenomena like this occur because access to pornographic content without providing sex education to children is possible from an early age. Here, parents play an essential role in educating their children.

Sex Education for Adolescents

Stages of sexual development in adolescents

Adolescence is a puberty phase when adolescents experience many physical and psychological changes due to the development of hormones. Puberty is related to the material transformations that occur during pre-adolescence and adolescence. During the puberty phase, sexual urges begin to emerge within the individual. This is where the mental and social side begins to falter, and young people in this phase begin to seek and find their identity. Adolescents are easily shaken and lack psychological stability during this period, so adolescents need parental supervision and guidance. Invite them to share stories openly, so they feel comfortable, and it makes it easier for them to voice any questions that arise in their minds related to the topic of conversation.

According to Sigmund Freud, psychoanalytic theory divides the stages of psychosexual development that children go through into five phases. The first phase (1.5 years) is the oral phase, characterized by the satisfaction children get from their mouth activities. At this stage, children receive sexual information through their mouths. The second phase (1.5-3 years) is the anal phase, where pleasure is concentrated in the anal area. The third phase (3-6 years) is the phallic phase, the child’s happiness is focused on the genital area, then the latent phase (6-puberty), when the child emphasizes sexual desire and then develops social and intellectual skills. And the last phase is the genital phase, the time of sexual awakening. The source of sexual satisfaction is puberty, and so on.


The role of parents in sex education for adolescents

Sex education for adolescents is the responsibility of their parents, but most of them are confused about teaching their children about sex and where they think sex education comes from. One thing to keep in mind is that sex education for children is different than teaching children to have sex because sex education is knowledge for children so that they can recognize their bodily functions. As well as giving the adolescents an understanding of which ethical and social rules apply and what effects their actions can have. Because without sex education, curiosity arises in them to shake their sexuality, which can be fatal.

Giving sex education for adolescents requires phrases and timing so that they understand the meaning of the information they are receiving. Parents need to be wise when picking up the topic of conversation. The issues that can be addressed through social media related to rape and sexual harassment can be addressed as sex education information. Clarification can also be provided if someone is illegitimately pregnant with a case like this that can be used as a topic for discussion.

Sex Education for Adolescents

The goal of sex education for adolescents

One of the primary goals of sex education for adolescents is to help everyone understand the physical and emotional development that you and those around you will experience when puberty hits. With a more detailed understanding of the changes and differences that can occur during puberty, you can be wiser and respect one another.

When talking about sex education, it’s not just about the reproductive system, there are many things we need to learn, including economics, sociocultural, and even politics, such as a large number of commercial sex workers everywhere. This is caused by the economy so that they are no longer responsible for the reproductive means they have and do not think about the effects that can be achieved through the sex act.


By studying sex education for adolescents, it is hoped that young people can protect their reproductive organs and that other people are not allowed to touch them. Reproductive organs are every teenager’s right to defend themselves from various things that are not desired. Parents’ awareness is essential, and as they are also teachers to their children, they should receive sex education in schools to reduce the adverse effects that may occur.

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