Traditional Balinese Weapons – Bali still has traditional weapons that are still very much preserved today. As we know that Bali still has a very strong culture, either as an identity of its people or the values that are still firmly held by its people today. Bali is an area with many cultural characteristics, one of which is traditional weapons.
Nowadays, traditional Balinese weapons have shifted slightly and changed their function from their original function. Weapons were originally a tool for self-defense and hunting wildlife, but now they are rarely used. During this time, traditional Balinese weapons were only used in various Balinese rituals. The following is a list of traditional Balinese weapons that grameds need to recognize and know:
In practice, these traditional weapons in Bali have their own history and function. But nowadays almost all of these traditional weapons function as tools for rituals or things related to culture, such as the following traditional Balinese weapons :
1. Keris Ki Baru Gajah
Keris Ki Baru Gajah is a traditional Balinese weapon presented by Dang Hyang Dwijendra Saka in 1411. This keris is believed to be a kris that can bring prosperity to the People of Bali. Therefore , the dating of the Nglisah tradition takes place every June (A.D. calendar) or the 210th day of the Balinese calendar. The Nglisah tradition is a hereditary tradition that aims to sanctify the Kris. Cleaning is done by applying coconut oil to each blade of the Kris. The tradition is preserved as a form of reverence and worship to the dagger god known as Hyang Pasupati.
Keris Ki Baru Gajah is also believed by the balinese people to help control all kinds of plant pests and ensure agricultural fertility. That is what makes this kris respected by the Balinese people. That is why the Keris Ki Baru Gajah is closely related to various traditional ceremonies in Balinese culture.
2. Tayuhan Dagger
Keris Tayuban is a kris that comes from the ancient royal culture, namely the Majapahit kingdom. The Balinese see Keris as a symbol and self-identity. Not only that, but the dagger also has a high sacred value. As a result, Keris Tayuban is always considered both in terms of maintenance and storage. On the other hand, in terms of its function, Keris Tayuhan is usually used as a means of self-defense, especially during war.
But over time, the function of this dagger became as an heirloom with various decorations such as from the decoration of its handle, blade and scabbard. Keris Tayuhan is usually cleaned during annual turns and other religious ceremonies in Bali. Keris Tayuhan is a name given to Keris made for supernatural powers (luck), not beauty.
This kris is often cleaned by the Balinese people at New Year’s ceremonies and other religious ceremonies. Usually this kind of dagger has a haunted impression and has a carrier aura that is sometimes scary, so it is often purified or purified. So it is not surprising that the care and storage of this dagger has always been a consideration.
3. Balinese Kris
Keris is a traditional weapon from Java. Including the place where the Bali area could first be taken over during the Majapahit Kingdom, so it is also influenced by its culture. So the Balinese began to make Keris precisely in 1343. Balinese kris and Javanese kris are different in size, where the type of Javanese kris is more likely to be small in size.
While the Balinese kris is slightly larger in shape which has a different ornament of the scabbard keris. Not only the size and scabbard, but also the shape of the handle design. The Handle of the Balinese kris is more complicated than the handle of the usual type of Javanese kris .
The similarity between these two Kris is the curve of the kris made during the manufacturing process, but the number of indentations of the Javanese Kris must always be odd. This is also the case when making Balinese Kris, where the perfect kris must always be odd in curves. Because the form of the Kris itself contains its own philosophical elements.
Panambad is a traditional weapon that was born in Bali and has various advantages as needed. For example, it is used for cutting bamboo and mowing grass. Panambad has a simple shape and is not much different from a knife. The only difference is the length of the blade, which is longer than the usual modern knives.
The algae themselves are made of wood and are very easy to find. This weapon is still valid today, because it has always been used by the Balinese people in all walks of life. Penampad is a traditional Balinese weapon shaped like a long sword like a knife and is often used to clear grass on the slopes of rice fields (Garengan). Panambad’s weapon is not a weapon intended for war or battle.
5. Balinese Trident
The trident is a traditional Balinese weapon that has three very pointed spearheads. The name Trident comes from the Sanskrit word Tri which means three and Sula which means spear. On the other hand, Trident weapons can help to stab or injure enemies in hand-to-hand combat. The advantage of the Trident is its undoubted sharpness.
Even this Traditional weapon allows each spear head to enlarge the wound on the victim’s body. The weakness of the Trident Spear is that this weapon is not strong enough to deal with the enemy at medium to long range. As a result, the gun user will not be able to accidentally throw like a javelin throw.
The Trident weapon is also known as one of the Trimurti, the weapon of Lord Shiva. The Balinese who were loyal to Hindu Buddhism made this weapon, so they had their own peculiarities in their hearts. The trident is the main weapon of Shiva who is one of the three main deities (Trimurti) often worshipped during the heyday of the Hindu Buddhist kingdom in Java.
As in the religions of Roman and Greek paganism, the sea god Poseidon (Neptune) always had a Trident weapon. In ancient Greek culture, the god Poseidon who had a trident was the main god and no less important than the god Zeus.
Wedhung is a traditional weapon that is a symbol of a willingness to serve a subordinate to his superiors or employers. That is, when a subordinate marries him, it can be regarded as a pledge of allegiance to his superiors until the end of his life.
This traditional Wedhung weapon is also found in the Cirebon region. The difference lies in the sculptural motif. Wedhung weapons from Bali have patterned eyes, but Wedhung Cirebon does not have this motif. Wedhung’s weapon is a forged metal dagger or knife with a wooden handle.
It is usually slightly larger. The length of this weapon is about 38 cm. The function of this traditional Balinese weapon is also shifting. Due to its unique motif, Wedhung Bali is currently widely used for decoration or weapons in traditional ceremonies. In ancient times, this weapon was commonly used by the people as a weapon of war and fighting against the enemy, or as a sharp weapon in the kitchen or a tool for cutting meat and other hard materials.
7. Bali tiuk knife
The Tiuk Knife is a small tool of artistic value to Balinese culture. This Tiuk Knife is an object that cannot be separated from the exotic style and nuances of Balinese culture. Tiuk knives are usually used for cooking, slicing meat and processing other ingredients.
Although knives have artistic value, small items are always used for daily household needs. Tiuk weapon itself is a traditional weapon such as a dagger / knife and is very similar to Wedhung. The difference is that wedhung is commonly used by men as a defense in war.
Tiuk is used for cooking utensils, offerings, or other kitchen purposes. Tiuk is also simpler than Wedhung. Of course, the function behind all these differences in the daily life of the Balinese is very important.
Kandik is a traditional Balinese weapon used to cut down trees, cut wood, or do something that requires a lot of effort. Kandik is relatively large and heavy, so not all of these people can use Kandik weapons well. Kandik is a typical Balinese weapon that comes from the Balinese language which means axe.
Judging from its large and heavy shape, this weapon is a royal weapon made of iron or steel and forged for a long time with an unusual process. This is how to make a very powerful powerful weapon. A distinctive feature of Kandik is that its handle is longer than the usual axe. It is often used for heavy work.
9. Taji or Tajen
The Taji weapon is a traditional Balinese weapon used for cockfighting for its main weapon. To use this weapon is tied to a chicken leg as a weapon. In addition, this weapon is also commonly used when sprinkling traditional spirits. The ceremony is carried out by shedding the blood of animals from the slaughterhouse.
The Balinese are no strangers to cockfighting and often use Taji as their main weapon in this activity. Using this weapon is very easy. In other words, it is enough to tie it to the legs of a chicken as a weapon. In addition to being used for cockfighting, these spurs are also commonly used in traditional spiritual rituals.
This ritual is performed by spraying the blood of the animal at the time of slaughter. Until now, this traditional weapon and cockfighting culture has become a common practice and is still associated with the daily life of the Balinese people.
The Caluk weapon is a traditional Balinese weapon in the form of a curved knife with a long handle or handle. Long algae have the ability to reach much higher areas with weapons. For example, if you want to harvest fruit or cut high branches.
This weapon is made of iron or copper arranged in such a way that it creates a unique shape. The trunk of this traditional weapon is made of wood which is also locked with a very strong copper material. Although its function sounds trivial, this tool is very useful and important for the activities of the Balinese people who are still closely related to farming activities.
Caluk is a traditional weapon that actually also exists in other regions, but with different names. Although it is not a weapon of war, Celuk is one of the traditional Balinese weapons that is still preserved today.
The Arit weapon is one of the traditional Balinese weapons that looks like a semicircular crescent moon and is made of strong steel. This weapon has the same shape as Arit Madura, which is a curved knife. The Balinese themselves use sickles when traveling to the fields and gardens to find grass and work in the fields.
Sickles are sharp objects made of strong and sturdy steel. Although the shape is simple. However, this weapon can be very dangerous. This is because the bends are very sharp. Therefore, this weapon was once an ancient war weapon for the Balinese people. has a sturdy and terrifying shape, making this traditional weapon the mainstay weapon of the soldiers.
Apart from balinese culture, the weapon Arit is also found in many other cultures. Like Madura which is commonly called clurit, or in Betawi culture which is commonly called sickle.
Blakas is a traditional Balinese weapon similar to a machete and kitchen machete. This weapon is made of steel with a wooden handle. Blakas are usually used for kitchen purposes and can also be used for the slaughter of sacrificial animals. With a two-dimensional knife in its sheath, Blakas is one of the best weapon choices.
One blade is very thick and heavy, while the other blade is thin and light. At first glance the weapon resembles a Blakas (Cepot Cleaver), or people know it as a kitchen machete. This weapon looks very effective for cutting things.
There are two different knives in one scabbard, which is unique, unlike ordinary knives. In addition, this traditional weapon was also often carried by the Balinese people in ancient times as personal protective equipment from enemies or wild animals. Its sturdy, strong and sharp weapons made the Balinese people at that time confident if they carried this weapon under their clothes.
The spear is an ancient weapon of war in Balinese culture. Spears are often used by soldiers acting as weapons of war. Spear weapons are featured in Balinese dance or the so-called Wirayuda dance. This dance is a war dance performed by 2 to 4 dancers with spear weapons. The dance depicts a group of Dwipa Balinese soldiers preparing to advance to the battlefield.
The spear is one of the weapons that symbolizes the sharpness of the heart, and is generally characterized by the weapons of the gods, including the Ayuda Dewata at the top. In the archipelago itself, spears were used as weapons of war by the soldiers of the ancient kingdoms. In Balinese history, the spear is depicted in a Balinese dance known as the Wirayuda dance.
Until now, this spear weapon is still widely used in traditional ceremonies because this traditional weapon is still closely related to the Balinese people. That is why we will not be unfamiliar with Balinese spears if we visit this area because many traditional performances use this traditional weapon.
14. Bows and Arrows
Bows and arrows are the most commonly used weapons among the inhabitants of the archipelago. Including for the Balinese people who are also still close to their culture. The curved shape of the bow can support the spring force, allowing the arrow to slide to the target or enemy. This weapon is nothing but and does not serve as a weapon of war closely related to the fight.
Well, that’s the list of traditional Balinese weapons that you need to know